Kredits are a system for tracking contributions to Kosmos projects, enabling the fair and transparent use of project funds, as well as improving project management and governance.
For now, kredits are mostly a fun experiment and gaming element, but the long-term idea is that they can be rewarded with dividends, if or when the Kosmos project/org is in a financial position that allows it to reward everybody contributing to its success.
- 1 Current status
- 2 Concept & Architecture
- 3 Software
- 4 Developing & Contributing
- 5 Democratic governance via Kredits
- 6 Roadmap
- 7 Ideas
- 8 Similar projects/ideas
- 9 Similar code/inspirations/links
- 10 Notes
After a few years of experimentation, we finally started issuing kredits in pre-production (on the Rinkeby testnet) in 2019. We also have a functioning, usable Web UI up and running, which interacts directly with Ethereum and IPFS nodes, and which you can also use to create your contributor account: https://kredits.kosmos.org
Concept & Architecture
We use two types of tokens:
- A non-fungible ERC721 token, which represents the actual contributions. These are unique, and they cannot be sent or traded with other people. They are earned by contributing to Kosmos projects, and either one of our bots or one of our contributors propose to create them for a contribution.
- A fungible ERC20 token, which represents the value of contributions. These are not unique, meaning every token represents the same value. They can be sent to other addresses using any ERC20-compatible wallet.
Every contribution token/record contains the amount of ERC20 kredits that can be claimed by the contributor. "Claiming" those tokens basically means paying them out from the Kredits smart contract to your own wallet. This is optional, and the contributor can choose to do this whenever they want.
All non-essential data (basically everything except for pure IDs and numbers/amounts) is stored on IPFS. In order to ensure that no data is lost, and all data is available to Kredits users at all times, we run a few Kosmos IPFS nodes, as well as a public IPFS gateway. See Kredits:IPFS for more information.
kosmos-schemas contains the JSON Schema definitions and examples for all data stored in IPFS. They can be used in the kredits-contracts JS wrapper as well as in client apps.
hubot-kredits is a Hubot chatbot extension, which can automatically create (unconfirmed) contribution tokens, e.g. based on GitHub contributions, Mediawiki edits, etc.. We also use it to prototype back-end behavior that is potentially needed in `kredits-web`.
kredits-github is a very simple GitHub app, which adds a check to pull requests in org repos, ensuring that they are assigned a kredits label, which is used by hubot-kredits to determine the size of the contribution.
Kredits IPFS Pinner
kredits-ipfs-pinner pins IPFS data of a Kredits organization on an IPFS node. Running this program turns any IPFS node into a live mirror for all Kredits-related documents.
Developing & Contributing
Most documentation currently lives in the README files of the various Git repositories. Also see Kredits:Development for some tips.
Democratic governance via Kredits
Kredits have the potential to be used for distributed governance of the Kosmos project and organization. The basic idea is that people can vote on decisions with a vote that carries a weight according to their contributions. In short: the people who do should be the ones who decide. With a limited set of basic rules, this makes for an interesting new and decentralized approach to open-source governance.
[TODO add 2020 roadmap]
Please note: this list is rather old and only kept here until moved (feel free to help). More up to date ideas and plans can be found in the issues and milestones of the various code repositories on GitHub and Gitea.
Leaderboard for contributions/kredits, where people can choose to publish their name or not (based on actual blockchain data)WIP, almost done: https://kredits.kosmos.org/
- Some way for new contributors to claim kredits sent to them via email link or similar (Update: current idea is to issue them without the need for an address, then be able to confirm address change via GitHub OAuth and admin action/proposal)
IRC bot for small transactions, so people can send each other kredits on Kosmos project channelsTurned out to not make sense. Custom wallet, removing all unnecessary features and integrating custom features we'd like to have (like e.g. easy multisig transactions, linked/initiated from a Kosmos chatroom)WIP, almost done: https://github.com/67P/kredits-web/ (tokens can be sent via normal ETH wallets)
- Contribution Dashboard for regular Kredit distribution as well as general project stats
- Expense management, similar to https://opencollective.com/learn-more
- Interoperability with other coops/projects/software
- cDPOs (commons-oriented decentralised programmed organisations) as frameworks to bootstrap, develop & sustain commons projects
- Colony -- "The Colony Beta is for teams who want to create their own “Collaboration Network”—a place to work with, incentivize, and track the contributions of a network of collaborators. It combines task management with “payments” and tracking."
- ether-camp/virtual accelerator -- "The Virtual Accelerator is a platform that allows for the promotion, testing and funding of ideas. " HackerGold is their token.
- boardroom.to -- A blockchain based governance platform.
- Lunyr -- "Lunyr is an Ethereum-based decentralized crowdsourced encyclopedia which rewards users with app tokens for peer-reviewing and contributing information."
- Singulardtv -- "A Blockchain Entertainment Studio, Smart Contract Rights Management Platform and Video On-Demand Portal"
- DAOstack -- "DAOstack is an open source project advancing the technology and adoption of decentralized governance."
- TokenMarket -- "Trade and research 152 digital assets. Organize crowdsales."
- Tokens on Ethereum about Ethereum based tokens by ConsenSys
- Thoughts on Tokens by Balaji S. Srinivasan and Naval Ravikant
- Misthos (multi-sig bitcoin wallet, "designed for project teams, investment partnerships and other ad hoc ventures to manage the divvying up of income (received as bitcoin) among their individual members", based on Blockstack, Coindesk article)
- Lynyr contracts
- minime contracts
- melonproject contracts
- Paper: "Liberal Radicalism: Formal Rules for a Society Neutral Among Communities"
- Sideshift is similar to Shapeshift, but without KYC and such. Could be used to donate to the Kredits contract using Bitcoin via LN, as well as via normal chain txs with a variety of currencies.